30 Great Indian Freedom Fighters The Country Is Proud Of

Hindi hai hum watan hai - hindustan hamara!

Barkavi Pazhamuthirselvam

Nov 20, 2020|14 min read


Here every generation of India is thankful always to the Indian freedom fighters. We can't list them according to what they have done. It's no matter how much of a huge or small-time they played. Each and everyone's step is very much significant today. Most of the Indian freedom fighters have even done war to secure the nation. 

Their firm determination was only to make the country free. Indian freedom fighters are the only pillars behind our freedom. They became aware of the importance of freedom and made others aware of the same. Here is the list of Indian freedom fighters who were the reasons for one nation's independence

1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency,  India. He got married at the age of 13 with Kasturbai Makhanji. One of the major roles in the act of freedom fight was played by Gandhiji. 

One of the Indian freedom fighters, Gandhiji was known for his non-violence protest. In his lifetime, he never fails to give importance to human rights. One of the leading figures of freedom movements is Mahatma Gandhi who is a true inspiration of all generations. 

Few crucial movements of his are Champaran Satyagraha, Kheda Satyagraha, Khilafat Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil-Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement. He opposed few activities such as purdah, child marriage, dowry, sati. He urged the women to fight for their own self-development and he wished the emancipation of women.

2. Jawaharlal Nehru

Another Indian freedom fighter, Jawaharlal Nehru was born on14 November 1889. Nehru was the first prime minister of India. He was one of the active Indian freedom fighters in India.

On 19th December 1929 in Lahore, along with Bose, Nehru brought forth the Complete independence declaration which is also known as Purna Swaraj declaration. Through the Indian National Congress, he represented India in 1927. It was the result of the work to internationalise the Indian struggle. 

This became the reason behind the creation of sympathy for the Indian National Movement. A significant role of steering the constituent assembly for Republicanism was played by Jawaharlal Nehru. During the freedom struggle, he was imprisoned for nine times which was about 3259 days. As he loves children, we celebrate his birthday as children's day.

3. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Next here for you is another Indian freedom fighter, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31 October 1875 in Nadiad, Bombay Presidency, British India(present-day Gujarat, India). 

In Gujarat, one of the prominent Indian freedom fighters, Vallabhbhai Patel took the responsibility of the leading farmers. During the drought, Kheda Satyagraha was started by him which demanded the suspension of the farmer's revenue collection from them. The title of Sardar which means leader was given to him as he successfully organized the landowners of Bardoli against British tax increases in 1928.

He took part in a requisite role in the torturous negotiations successfully. Indian freedom fighters, Vallabhbhai Patel was a selfless leader.  The reason behind the country's interest and destiny with single-minded devotion was him.

4. Subash Chandra Bose

The Indian freedom fighter, Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Odisha, India). Patriot and a selfless leader of undivided India were popularly known as Netaji.

He had differences with Gandhi and he wasn't keen on violence as a tool for independence. As a nationalist activist, he went to prison in Mandalay in 1925. After that, he was the INC s general secretary. He worked tirelessly in The Indian National Army, Azad Hind Government, Mass mobilisation, Women mobilisation, Youth leadership. 

One of his beliefs was only through the efforts of the younger generation, India liberation can be achieved. He worked and put efforts with them and he was convinced that they were restless and open to powerful ideas. The invaluable contribution of Indian freedom fighters needed to be remembered with each of the countries in the world.

5. Rani of Jhansi (Rani Laxmi Bai)

One of the Indian freedom fighters, Rani of Jhansi was born on 19 November 1828 in Benares, Kingdom of Kashi-Benares (present-day Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India). She was attacked and demanded surrender during the rebellion of British forces. 

Rani of Jhansi declined and joined the forces of Indian rebels. She escaped during the surge of Jhansi with her son.  She joined with the leaders of the rebellion in 1957.  One British officer wrote that Rani of Jhansi was the most dangerous of all Indian leaders and also he mentioned that she was personable, clever and beautiful. 

She played one of the crucial Indian freedom fighters whose pay is considered to be one of the most important parts.

6. Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Chattopadhyay was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India (now in Telangana, India). One of the famous Indian freedom fighters, Sarojini Naidu played a pivotal role. She was the Crusader of equality and the port of modern India. 

The first Indian woman President of the Congress, Sarojini Naidu, left a lasting impression on women in India. The nightingale of India became a focal point on the women's right struggle in India. With Annie Besant and others, she did favour in shaping women's Indian association in 1917. 

Here the association sought equal rights for both female and male.  She delivered the requirement to include more women in the struggle of freedom. Each and every step of the Indian freedom fighters are much important as they're the only step which is the reason behind the experience of freedom by us.

7. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Another Indian freedom fighter, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born on 23rd July 1856 in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. British colonial rulers called him the father of the Indian unrest. In 1890, he became a part of the Indian National Congress. He vocalized his opposition to the moderate views of the self-rule. He stopped the Boycott of British goods and the Swadeshi movement. 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak published two newspapers (Mahratta and Kesari) which focus on the nationalistic aims. This created awareness among the Indians and these propagated the cause of National freedom. In the Gandhian era, he was one of the tallest of the leaders who motivated the nation for the trial and triumphs. 

Though he contributed much, he and his contribution weren't recognised which he actually deserved.

8. B. R. Ambedkar

Next, let's look at another Indian freedom fighter who was the father of the Indian constitution. It's obvious that here we're going to see B. R. Ambedkar. He was born on April 14, 1891, in Mhow, Central Provinces, Madhya Pradesh. One of the most prominent personalities protested against the untouchability in India is B. R. Ambedkar. 

He also put his shot on education, Changes in hierarchical structures of Indian society, advocated a society based on three fundamental principles(liberty, equality, and fraternity), Reservation in the election, Bringing Untouchables to the mainstream of Indian society, equality and so on. 

9. Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was one of the Indian freedom fighters. He was born on 28 September 1907 Banga, Punjab, British India(present-day Punjab, Pakistan). He was one of the bravest freedom fighters in the revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. His patriotism was towards the restriction against British rule and also towards the division of India. 

Bhagat Singh had an attraction to socialism. He took part in the moon cooperation movement. During his last period of life, he insisted British shoot him instead of hanging him but they didn't consider it. He mentioned this in his last letter and also he mentioned that as he was arrested at the time of war, he cannot be punished and so let him be thrown into the mouth of the cannon. 

Here the evidence shows how brave he is. The slogan of India's war struggle was coined by him.

10. Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad was one of the Indian freedom fighters who was born on 23 July 1906 in Bhavra, Central India Agency, British India. He actively participated in the Kakori train robbery in 1925, the revenge killing of a British police officer in 1928 and several other revolutionary activities. 

He was especially known for his organizing skills. He is the one who reorganised the HSRA. He is also the one who dreamt and wished for the complete independence of India. He was determined not to be captured by police as after the death of Lala Lajpat Rai he killed the British assistant superintendent of police. 

At Allahabad's Alfred Park, he arranged to meet a revolutionary on 27 February 1931. But the police surrounded him as soon as he got into the park. He thought with them but as he found no way to escape from them, he shot himself. Though he lived only for 25 years, his role was one of the unforgettable and important parts of the freedom of India.

11. Ram Prasad Bismil

Ram Prasad Bismil was one of the Indian freedom fighters who was born on 11 June 1897 in Shahjahanpur, North-Western Provinces, India. He joined the Arya Samaj. It was founded by Dayananda Saraswati. He was a prolific writer from his early life. He had translated many works from English to Hindi. 

He was one of the Indian freedom fighters who actively involved in the Mainpuri conspiracy in 1918. He also took part in the session of the Indian National Congress in 1921 at Ahmedabad. He was one of the chief founders of the Hindustan Republican Association. 

Bismil was imprisoned. He also struggled a lot for our freedom. Without them, it's impossible for us to experience what freedom is. They are the one who contributed much to the country and the people of the country.

12. Mangal Pandey

Here we look at another Indian freedom fighter. Mangal Pandey was one among the freedom fighters. He was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwa, Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces, Company India. One of the notable contributions was given by him. He was remembered as he strongly stood against the British and he was the one who was sparking the Indian rebellion of 1857.

His struggle for freedom inspires us a lot. Many Indians during that time were inspired by his rebellion which became the reason for the voice against the rule of British rule. And this later became the major revolution.

13. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was born on 26 June 1838 in Naihati, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day West Bengal, India). He was a poet, novelist, journalist, writer. We can feel the struggle of freedom through his deep words. 

The entire generation of the world will always remember his contribution. Definitely, he was more than a novelist. And he was one of the pathfinders, he had the key of words. And also he was considered as the path maker. He pulls everyone to the path of freedom with his wonderful deep words.

14. Lala Lajpat Rai

In the list of Indian freedom fighters' names, we can't miss the name of Lala Lajpat Rai. He was born on 28 January 1865 in Jagraon, Punjab, British India. He was popularly known as the lion of Punjab.  He got a six months stint in a prison at Mandalay as he was involved in the freedom fighters in 1907.  

He led a march to protest against the commission on 30 October 1928. As he was among the protesters, he was injured seriously when there was an order of lathi-charge. He was dead after the attack of police during the time of the demonstration in Lahore. Our nation for freedom only with the sacrifice of Indian freedom fighters.

15. Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin Chandra Pal was one among the Indian freedom fighters. He was born on 7 November 1858 Poil, Sylhet District, Bengal, India. In 1887, he joined the Congress party. At that time, he delivered a forceful speech in which he strictly pleaded that the Arms Act should be repeated in Chennai. 

He also participated in many sessions of the Congress and gave a great contribution to the nation's conciseness growth in India. He also encouraged the abandonment of foreign goods. Many of the Indian freedom fighters United and formed an association. He is also the one who invited in ours. They all together shot many revolutionary activities for India.

16. C. Rajagopalachari

Here we look upon the next Indian freedom fighter. C. Rajagopalachari was born on 10 December 1878 inThorapalli, Madras Presidency, British India. He was called CR, mango of Krishnagiri, Rajaji. He studied in Presidency College, Bangalore. He took part in Non-Cooperative movement, Vaikom Satyagraha and the civil disobedience movement, Vedaranyam Salt Satyagraha. 

He was the founder of the Swatantra Party. In 1906, he also joined the National Congress. He became a Congress representative. He was an active participant in the moon cooperation movement which was led by Lajpat Rai. Without all such Indian freedom fighters, freedom maybe still a dream for all Indians.

17. Veerapandiya Kattabomman

Veerapandiya Kattabomman was one of the impressive Indian freedom fighters. He was born on 3 January 1760 in Panchalankurichi, India. He strongly oppressed British rule. He formed a union which was to fight against the British rule in the South with the help of neighbouring rulers. 

There was huge pressure from the British, but Veerapandiya refused to pay the tax. He was involved in all the activities against the British and refused to do a favour. Whatever the pressure from the opposite side may be, he stood strong in the activity which will provide only benefits for his region and for the people of his region. 

All the single steps altogether became a massive step through which the Indian freedom fighters claimed the freedom for the country.

18. Nana Sahib

Nana Sahib was born on 19 May 1824 in Bithoor. He is one who led a group of ardent rebellion. He made a marvellous contribution in 1857. He killed the survivors of the force of British camp. In Kanpur, British forces are overwhelmed by Nana Sahib. He led many thousands of soldiers of India. He was one of the skilled administrators in India. There is nothing on this Earth which equals the sacrifice of the Indian freedom fighters which results in the independence of the nation. We should always extend our gratitude towards them for their involvement and contribution.

19. Tantia Tope

Tantia Tope was one of the active Indian freedom fighters. He was born in 1814. In 1857, he was the leader of the Indian mutiny. Though he had no formal training, he was one of the best effective rebels generals. We can't forget his guerrilla tactics which created the expected impact on the British. 

Each footprint of each Indian freedom fighter played a crucial part in the act of freedom of India. But at the end of all his efforts, she was betrayed by Man Singh who was a good trusted friend. And he was defeated by British Indian troops. In April 1859, he was arrested by the British army. 

Finally on April 18, 1859, in Shivpuri, Tantia Tope was hanged.

20. Lal Bahadur Shastri

He was born on 2 October 1904 in Mughalsarai.  After the completion of his study at Kashi Vidyapeeth, he received the title Shastri. Though he is silent, he actively took part in the Quit India Movement, Civil Disobedience movement and also Salt Satyagraha which was actively led by Mahatma Gandhi. 

Lal Bahadur Shastri had also spent many years in prison. Later he became India's prime minister in 1964. All his moves led the path toward India's freedom.

21. Velu Nachiyar

Rani Velu Nachiyar was born on 3 January 1730 in Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu, India. She got help from Hyder Ali and she formed an army to attack the British. In 1780, she successfully attached the British with his army force. At that time, she found the place where the British used to store their ammunition and arranged a suicide attack successfully. 

When we are about to list the names of the rulers who remained their kingdom, we can't move without entering the name of Velu Nachiyar. She filed the regained region for nearly 10 years. She was the first queen who fought against the British for the freedom of India. 

22. Chittaranjan Das

Here let's look upon another Indian freedom fighter who was born on 5 November 1870 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. His Nickname was Deshbandhu. He founded the Swaraj party. He was professionally a lawyer. He was also active during the Indian National Movement. His contribution also played a major role. 

In his days, British charged Aurobindo Ghosh with a crime. As he was a lawyer, he successfully defended. In 1923, the aim of his party was to contest in the Central legislative assembly to obstruct the rule of British within the council chambers through anti-government.

23. Sukdev Thapar

Sukdev Thapar was one of the Indian freedom fighters. He was born on 15 May 1907 in Ludhiana, Punjab, British India. He was one of the members of HSRA. And he was the one who organized revolutionary cells in Punjab. And also he did the same in a few areas of North India. 

He actively took part in many revolutionary activities which includes prison hunger strike, Lahore Conspiracy Case. He also involved in the assassination of deputy superintendent of police, J. P. Saunders. All the Indian freedom fighters sacrificed their lives for our freedom.

24. Kunwar Singh

One of the active Indian freedom fighters was Kunwar Singh. He was born on 13 November 1777 in Jagdishpur, Bhojpur, Bihar. He led the Indian rebellion in Bihar in 1857. During the rebellion, his army was about to cross the river Ganges. But what happened is Douglas' army started to shoot his army. 

At that time one of the bullets shattered his left wrist. He realised that his hand then became useless. As it may end with an additional rush of infection, he cut off his hand near his elbow with his sword. This shows how brave he is and how determined he is.

25. Subramania Bharati

Subramania Bharati was one of the Indian freedom fighters. He was born on 11 December 1882. He was a powerful poet. He had the power to inspire millions of people through his deep strong words during the time of the freedom movement. All his works were very patriotic in nature. He had to flee to Pondicherry. 

In 1908, the British issued an arrest warrant against Bharathi. Even from Pondicherry, he continued his activities of revolution. His patriotism turned others more patriotic.

26. Surendranath Banerjee

Here on the queue is Surendranath Banerjee who's one of the Indian freedom fighters. He was born on 10 November 1848. He was the one who founded the Indian National Association. He was also the founder of the Indian National liberation federation. He was a pioneer of Indian politics. He was the founder and the publisher of a newspaper 'The Bengalee'. 

As he published Anto British remarks, he was arrested in 1883. He was also elected as the President of Congress. The efforts of Indian freedom fighters never failed to satisfy their determination.

27. V.O. Chidambaram Pillai

He was one of the Indian freedom fighters. He was born on 5 December 1872. He was professionally a barrister. He was a leader of Indian National Congress. He is one of the bravest Indian freedom fighters. Here was the first Indian freedom fighter who started the shipping service. 

As he was competing against the British, he was charged with sedition. And finally he was ordered to life imprisonment. All their sacrifice is only for India's freedom.

28. Matangini Hazra

Matangini Hazra was born on 19 October 1870 in Tamluk, Bengal Presidency, British India.  She became interested in participating in the Indian independence movement in 1905. She actively took in the civil disobedience movement. And she was arrested for breaking the salt act. 

Then she protested for the abolition of the tax. Then she actively took part in the Indian National Congress actively. She also attended several sessions of Congress. All her steps with other's step end on the freedom of India.

29. C. F. Andrews

Again here is another Indian freedom fighter nabbed C. F. Andrews. He was born on 12 April 1871. He became a close friend of Gandhi. He was a British missionary who played an important role in persuading Gandhi to return to India. He also took part in the Indian independence movement actively with firm determination. 

Each and every Indian freedom fighter fought for our nation's freedom.

30. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

He was born on 6 February 1890. He was one of the determined independence activists who stood against the partition of India during the tone of independence and claimed his efforts for non-violence and secular country. As his path was quite similar to Gandhi's path, he worked with him in all his endeavours.

One of the dark times to Indian society is the British rule. Today we are enjoying freedom only because of the united struggle of our Indian freedom fighters. Here we can't mention only one as the reason for our freedom. The list goes on. 

From the one who led the movement to the one who participated in the movement, there are numerous Indian freedom fighters. Not every Indian freedom fighter got the spotlight. There are many Indian freedom fighters still staying in the dark. There are many Indian freedom fighters who dedicated and sacrificed their lives.

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Barkavi Pazhamuthirselvam

A candid girl, who is constantly tormented by the cognizance of the little time she has in this sojourn and the apprehension of plummeting into mediocrity; whose path to the obscure future is illuminated by words; trying to consume as much literature as she can with a rabid, unquenchable thirst.



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