The new year is certainly full of energy for everyone and so is NASA. They have planned to launch a spacecraft in 2018 to touch the sun, sending it closer to the star's surface than ever before.
This builds a possibility that we might discover new planets and even new galaxies this year. And also, a fear that NASA's Parker Solar Probe might not see sunlight on the earth ever.
We all are eagerly waiting for May 31, when the spacecraft will be launched from the University of Chicago’s William Eckhardt Research Center Auditorium by NASA. It will not only help to make critical evaluations about the satellites and astronauts in space but also improve the forecasts of major space weather events that impact life on Earth.
Although NASA has turned 60 years old this year, it has a few important missions to complete before 2018 ends. The most important of all these missions is touching the sun, which is actually the exploration of the Sun's outer atmosphere, with temperatures beyond imagination.
The sun's atmosphere is made of Helium and Hydrogen majorly, which are both highly combustible gases. The temperatures are so high that all metals will melt easily and may even vaporize. In fact, no substance can retain its solid state in such temperatures. You may expect a rapid change of state, from solid to liquid to vapor, but it shall be beyond the reach of seeing or recording.
Essentially, the NASA spacecraft will fly only as close as 6.2 million kilometers to the sun's outer surface. It will not touch the sun's surface but be very close to the sun. In any case, if NASA attempts to go closer to the sun's surface, it would definitely burn inside out. The only thing that would be seen will be ashes.
But since NASA has a great experience in the field of space research, we hope, they will devise a mechanism to combat all the difficulties.
They may use an entirely new metallic alloy for the construction of a heat-resistant spacecraft body, and may even have special devices for communication that withstand the hindrances of the noble gases dominant atmosphere.
Let us hope and pray that NASA successfully accomplishes the mission and we see the one of a kind spacecraft returning back to the Earth with flying colors. Also, we wish NASA a very happy new year.