All Russian Intelligence Agencies With Their Roles And Work

The land wrapped with Mystery

Sanjeyan N

11 months ago|4 min read


Russia is one of the largest Nations in the world. Russia is considered a Potential superpower. According to the 2019 report, Russia is the second powerful country. 

Moscow is the largest city in Russia and also the 11th largest city in the world. The Russian military is also known as the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The Russian military is the second powerful military followed by the USA. 

The Russian intelligence agency is responsible for the power of the country. The Russian intelligence agency is also known as special services. 

The Russian Intelligence agency includes the Federal Security Service (FSB), Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR), Federal Protective Service (FSO), and the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU). 

In this article, you are going to see the information about these agencies.

1. Federal Security Service (FSB)

Federal Security Service (FSB) | Russian Intelligence Agencies

The Federal Security Service is a Russian Intelligence Agency. It was formed on 3rd April in 1995. Before 1995, the FSB was known as FSK. The FSK is renamed into FSB by federal law. 

It is a 26 years old agency. The headquarters is located in Moscow, United States. It is under the jurisdiction of Russia. It consists of 262,000 employees. Alexander Bortnikov is the Executive officer of this agency. 

FSB is one of the largest security services in Europe. The responsibilities of the Federal Security Service are internal security, border security, counter-terrorism, and counterintelligence. 

They are also involved in protecting the government equipment and materials, safeguarding the materials, and protecting the national defense.

2. Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR)

Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) | Russian Intelligence Agencies

The next Russian Intelligence agency, Foreign Intelligence Service, was formed in December 1991. 

It is also a Russian intelligence agency. It is under the jurisdiction of Russia. The president of Russia Vladimir Putin is responsible for SVR. Sergey Naryshkin is the executive officer of this agency. Institute of Intelligence Information is the child agency of the Foreign Intelligence Agency. 

The responsibilities of SVR are as follows:

  • Protect the Russian employees and families
  • Conducting electronic Surveillance in foreign countries
  • Providing security to Russian government officers and families
  • Conducting intelligence
  • Implementing the measures to ensure Security
  • Conducting the Joint operations with Foreign Service.

SVR consists of various departments such as Science, Operational Logistics, Analysis & information, and personnel.

3. Federal Protective Service (FSO)

Federal Protective Service (FSO) | Russian Intelligence Agencies

The Federal Protective Service is under the jurisdiction of Russia which comes under the category of Russian Intelligence agency. It was formed on 27th May in 1996. Glanvnoye Upravlenie is the executive officer of this agency. The headquarters is located in Moscow, Russia. 

The Presidential Administration of Agency is the parent agency of the Federal Protective Service. Presidential Security Service is the child Agency. 

The role of this service includes:

  • Presidential Security Service
  • Management
  • Security Service
  • Housekeeping service
  • Engineering Support service
  • Administrative service
  • Special communication service

Vladimir Redkoborody and Oleg Klimentyev are the first Head and Deputy Director of FSO respectively. General Dmitry Kochnev is the current Head of FSO.

4. Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU)

Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) | Russian Intelligence Agencies

The Main Intelligence Directorate was previously known as GRU which is also a Russian Intelligence agency. It was formed on 7th May in 1992. It was under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation. 

The headquarters is located in Moscow, Russia. Igor Kostyukov is the director of this agency. Valery Gerasimov is responsible for the Main Intelligence Directorate. General Staff of the Armed Force of the Russian Federation is the Parent agency. 

Director of Space Intelligence, Intelligence Directorate of the main staff of Russian Air Force are the child agencies. Spetsnaz GRU is the special force of the Main Intelligence Directorate. The officers of GRU are trained at the Ministry of Defence Academy. 

Stanislav Lunev, Oleg Penkovsky, Igor Gouzenko, Walter Krivitsky, Viktor, Ignace Reiss are some of the defectors and Double agents of this agency.

So, this is the information about the Russian Intelligence Agency. This agency makes Russia one of the most powerful countries. 

They are involved in protecting the country from threats and spies. These agencies act as a backbone in protecting the country. 

You can like and share this information with your friends who want to join the Russian Intelligence agency.

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Sanjeyan N




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