Know About Indian Republic Day and It's History - 26 January

Republic Day : We the people of India

FT Crew

FT Crew

Jan 25, 2021|4 min read


What is Republic Day and why is it celebrated?

India was independent in 1947 and its constitution was assimilated on 26 January 1950. Under which India was declared a democratic sovereign and republic country. 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day.

Who started the tradition of celebrating Republic Day?

The first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad declared India a complete republic on 26 January 1950, with 21 gun salutes. Since then, every year this day is celebrated as Republic Day. And this day is a national holiday across the country.

When did India adopt its constitution?

India is a union of states, it is a people’s state with a parliamentary system. This republic is governed according to the Constitution of India. The Constituent Assembly assumed office on 26 November 1949. And it came into effect from 26 January.

Republic Day History

The concept of the five-year plan in the Indian constitution is derived from which constitution?

The concept of the Five-Year Plan in the Indian Constitution has been derived from the Soviet Union ie USSR.

Who hoists the flag on Republic Day?

The country's first citizens, the President, hoist the national flag in Republic Day celebrations.

Who hoists the national flag at the Republic Day celebrations in the state capital?

The governors of the respective states hoist the national flag on the occasion of Republic Day celebrations in the state capitals.
There are two national flag hosting in India. One on Republic Day and one on Independence Day. On the occasion of Independence Day celebrations, the Prime Minister hoists the national flag in the national capital. And Chief Minister in state capitals.

Who takes the salute of the Republic Day grand parade to be held in New Delhi?

The President of India takes the salute of the grand parade. He is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. In this parade, the Indian Army also displays its new tanks, missiles, and radars, etc.

Where does the ceremony of Beating Retreat happen?

The Beating Retreat is organized in front of Rashtrapati Bhavan on Raisina Hills, whose chief guest is the President. Beating the Retreat ceremony is called the closing ceremony of Republic Day. The Beating Retreat is organized on the third day of Republic Day celebrations i.e. on the evening of 29 January. At the Beating Retreat, bands from the Army, Air Force, and Navy march in traditional tunes.

Who designed the Indian National Flag?

The Indian National Flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. The flag that Pingali initially designed was of only two colours, red and green. He presented this flag to Gandhiji at the  Indian National Congress Party meeting. Later, on the suggestion of Gandhiji, a white stripe was added to the flag. Later, in place of charkha, the national symbol Ashok Chakra got a place. The Indian National Flag was adopted in its present form during the meeting of the Indian Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947. The tricolour in India means the Indian national flag.

When are National Bravery Awards given?

National Bravery Awards are given to brave children on the eve of 26 January every year in India. These awards started in 1957, as a prize, a medal certificate, and cash is given. Financial assistance is also provided to all children till they complete school.

Where does the Republic Day parade begin?

The Republic Day Parade begins at Rashtrapati Bhavan and ends at India Gate. On the first Republic Day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the President of India. After the constitution came into force, Dr. Rajendra Prasad took the oath of President in the Durbar Hall of the current Parliament House. And after the 5-mile long parade ceremony, He unfurled the national flag at the Irwin Stadium.

Who was the First Chief Guest of Rajpath Parade?

the first chief guest of the Rajpath parade was Malik Gulam Mohammed, the first governor-general of Pakistan

In how many days was the Indian Constitution prepared?

The Constituent Assembly prepared the Constitution of India in about 2 years, 11 months, and 17 days.


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