Obesity is a condition caused by an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity is more than a cosmetic issue. It's a medical condition that increases your chances of getting other diseases and health problems like heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and some cancers.
BMI offers a reasonable measure of body fat for the majority of people. However, because BMI does not directly measure body fat, certain persons, such as muscular athletes, may have a BMI that falls into the obesity group despite having no excess body fat.
Obesity is frequently diagnosed using the body mass index (BMI). Multiply your weight in pounds by 703, divide by your height in inches, and then divide by your height in inches again to get your BMI. Alternatively, divide your weight in kilograms by the square of your height in meters.
- Weight status
- Below 18.5-Underweight
- 30.0 and higher-Obesity
Obesity develops when you consume more calories than you burn via typical everyday activity and exercise, despite genetic, behavioral, metabolic, and hormonal factors on body weight.
Factors that are at risk
Inheritance and impacts from family
The genes you inherit from your parents may have an impact on how much body fat you retain and where that fat is distributed. In addition to how effectively your body transforms food into energy, how you regulate your appetite, and how many calories you burn when exercising, genetics may play a role.
Unhealthy eating habits.:
Weight gain is caused by a diet that is high in calories, low in fruits and vegetables, high in fast food, and heavy in high-calorie beverages and excessive portions.
Calories from liquids:
It is possible to consume a large number of calories, particularly calories from alcohol, without feeling full. Other high-calorie beverages, such as sugared soft drinks, can help you gain weight.
You're more likely to consume more calories per day than you burn via exercise and daily activities if you live a sedentary lifestyle. Sedentary behavior includes staring at computers, tablets, and phone screens. The amount of time spent in front of a screen is strongly linked to weight gain.
Certain medical conditions and drugs
Obesity can be linked to medical problems including Prader-Willi syndrome, Cushing syndrome, and others in some persons. Medical conditions like arthritis can lead to a decrease in exercise, which can contribute to weight gain.
If you don't adjust with diet or exercise, several drugs can cause weight gain. Some antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs, diabetic meds, antipsychotic medications, steroids, and beta-blockers are among these medications.
Economic and social issues
Obesity is linked to social and economic variables. If there are no safe areas to walk or exercise, obesity is tough to avoid.
Obesity can even be seen in children, at any age. However, as you get older, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase your risk of obesity.
During pregnancy, it is common to gain weight. After the baby is born, some women find it difficult to reduce this weight. Obesity in women may be exacerbated as a result of this weight gain.
Giving up smoking:
It's common to equate quitting smoking with gaining weight. And for some, it can result in enough weight gain to be considered obese. This frequently occurs when people turn to food to help them cope with the effects of quitting smoking. However, quitting smoking is still a better option for your health in the long term than continuing to smoke. After stopping smoking, your doctor can assist you to avoid gaining weight.
Not getting enough sleep or sleeping too much might induce changes in hormones that increase hunger. You may also seek high-calorie, high-carbohydrate foods, which can lead to weight gain.
Obesity may be influenced by a variety of extrinsic factors that affect mood and well-being. Stressed people are more inclined to seek out high-calorie foods.
Obese people are more likely to develop a variety of potentially serious health issues, such as
Heart disease and strokes:
High blood pressure and raised cholesterol, both risk factors for heart disease and stroke, are increased by obesity.
Diabetes type 2:
Obesity can impact how the body uses insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. Insulin resistance and diabetes are more likely as a result of this.
Some types of cancer:
Cancers of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovary, breast, colon, rectum, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney, and prostate are all linked to obesity.
Heartburn, gallbladder illness, and liver disorders are all more common in obese people.
Obstructive sleep apnea:
Obese people are more prone to suffer from sleep apnea, a potentially fatal condition in which breathing regularly stops and starts while sleeping.
Obesity increases the amount of stress exerted on weight-bearing joints while also causing inflammation in the body. Complications such as osteoarthritis may result from these circumstances.
Quality of life
Obesity can have a negative impact on one's overall quality of life. It's possible that you won't be able to participate in physical activities that you used to like. As a result of their obesity, obese people may encounter discrimination.
Other weight-related factors that may have an impact on your quality of life include:
- Shame and guilt
- Social isolation
- Lower work performance
- Consume more "good" fat while consuming less "bad" fat.
- Sugary and processed foods should be avoided.
- Increase your consumption of vegetables and fruits.
- Consume a high-fiber diet.
- Select foods with a low glycemic index.
- Do in aerobic activities
- Include a weight-training routine in your routine.
- Concentrate on lowering your daily stress levels.
The importance of maintaining a healthy weight for general health cannot be overstated. An excellent starting step is to take action to prevent obesity in your daily life. Obesity can be avoided by making minor changes like eating more veggies and going to the gym a few times a week.
If you'd want to take a more personalized approach to your diet, a dietitian or nutritionist can help you get started.
Meeting with a personal trainer or fitness instructor can also assist you in determining which physical activities are ideal for your body.