National parks are places where the natural environment is protected. They also participate in public recreation and leisure activities. Landscapes, flora, and animals are all present in their native state in a national park.
A national park is founded and protected by national governments for conservation objectives. A sovereign state often establishes or owns a reserve of natural, semi-natural, or developed territory. Even though each country's national parks are named differently, there is a common thread: the preservation of "raw nature" for posterity and as a source of national pride.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) have classified "National Park" as a type of protected area in the Category II category. In 2006, the IUCN reported that 6,555 national parks around the world matched its criteria.
India is a biodiversity hotspot. The Indomalayan ecozone contains roughly 7.6% mammals, 6.2 percent reptiles, 12.6 percent birds, and 6.0 percent flowering plant species.
Many ecoregions in our country, such as the Shola forests, have significant endemic rates. The forests contain a wide range of habitats, from tropical rainforests, the Western Ghats, and Northeast India to Himalayan coniferous forests.
In India, national parks are classified as IUCN category II protected areas. The first national park in India was formed in 1936 as Hailey National Park in Uttarakhand, which is now known as Jim Corbett National Park. India only had five national parks in 1970.
To protect the habitats of conservation-dependent species, India passed the Wildlife Protection Act in 1972 and Project Tiger in 1973. There are 104 national parks in India, covering 43,716 sq. km and accounting for 1.33 percent of the total land area. In addition to the above, the Protected Area Network Report proposes 75 National Parks with a total area of 16,608 sq. km. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India are mentioned here.
These are the top spots for biodiversity conservation. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries are government-designated protected areas whose major objective is to preserve wildlife, flora, and fauna, and restore natural ecological balance. There are 544 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India, as well as 103 National Parks.
Madhya Pradesh and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands have the most National Parks (9 each). Every year, millions of people visit India's national parks and animal sanctuaries because of the outstanding natural beauty.
Development, forestry, poaching, hunting, and grazing on agriculture are all prohibited in a national park, which is committed to the conservation of wildlife and biodiversity. If an area has sufficient ecological, geomorphological, and natural importance, the government has the authority to declare it as a national park.
In certain parks, even individual ownership rights are restricted. Their boundaries are well-defined and well defined. It's mostly small reserves, with areas ranging from 100 to 500 square kilometers. In national parks, the preservation of a specific floral or faunal species is stressed.
Objectives of National Park
- To survive, the region must be managed naturally. Examples include physiographic zones, biotic groups, genetic resources, and undisturbed natural processes.
- To contribute to the conservation of a wide range of species, regional ecological processes, and migration routes.
- To keep populations alive and well in an ecologically sound manner. The ecosystem's integrity and resilience, as well as the assemblage of native species at high concentrations, must be preserved in the long run
- To control visitor use so that it does not cause severe biological or ecological deterioration to natural resources for inspiring, educational, cultural, and recreational objectives.
- Indigenous peoples' and local communities' requirements, especially subsistence resource use, must be considered. So far, none of these has harmed the principal management goal.
- Contribute to the local economy through tourism.
Largest National Park in India
Hemis National Park, located in Ladakh, India, is a high-altitude national park. It is known around the world for having the largest number of snow leopards of any protected region on the planet.
It is India's sole national park north of the Himalayas, as well as the country's largest registered protected area (national park) and second-largest contiguous protected area, behind the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and adjacent protected areas. Several endangered creatures, including the snow leopard, can be found in the area.
Outside of the Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary northeast of Hemis and the projected Tso Lhamo Cold Desert Conservation Region in North Sikkim, Hemis National Park is India's protected area inside the Palearctic zone. The park is bordered on the north by the Indus River's banks, and it contains the Markha, Sumdah, and Rumbak catchments, as well as parts of the Zanskar Range.
The park was established in 1981 to safeguard the 600-square-kilometer Rumbak and Markha catchments (230 sq mi). It grew to around 3,350 sq. km (1,290 sq mi) in 1988, before extending to 4,400 sq. km (1,700 sq mi) in 1990, making it South Asia's largest national park. Here is the list of National Parks in India state-wise.
1. Andaman Nicobar Island (9)
Campbell Bay National Park
Campbell Bay National Park is an Indian national park located on Great Nicobar Island, the largest of the Nicobar Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean, some 190 kilometers north of Sumatra.
In 1992, it was designated as an Indian national park, and it is part of the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve. The park covers 426 sq. km and is separated from the smaller Galathea National Park by a 12-kilometer-wide forest buffer zone.
Galathea National Park
Galathea National Park is in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. It's on the island of Great Nicobar, which is part of the Nicobar Islands archipelago in the eastern Indian Ocean.
The park is home to a multitude of unusual and uncommon plant and animal species, some of which are native to the islands due to their remote location.
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is an Indian national park in the Andaman Islands, near Wandoor. It is part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and is administered by the South Andaman administrative district.
The park was established on May 24, 1983, under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, to conserve marine species in the area, such as corals and nesting sea turtles. It was placed under the protection of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Forest Department's Chief Wildlife Warden, and the open waterways that ran through the parking area were a unique feature.
Middle Button Island National Park
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands' Middle Button Island National Park is an Indian national park. The park was established in 1979 and is located around 200 kilometers (124 miles) northeast of Port Blair, the island group's capital.
The national park's overall area is approximately 64 sq. km (25 sq mi). It is part of the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park off the coast of South Andaman Island, which also includes the neighboring islands of North and South Button, both of which are also national parks.
Mount Harriet National Park
Mount Harriet National Park is located in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a union territory of India. The park, which was founded in 1969, is around 4.62 sq. km in size (18.00 mi2).
Mount Harriet (383 meters (1,257 feet) is the third highest mountain in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago, behind Saddle Peak (732 meters (2,402 feet) in North Andaman and Mount Thullier in Great Nicobar.
North Button Island National Park
North Button Island National Park is located off the coast of India in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The park covers 44 square miles (114 sq. km) and is home to a variety of animals including dugongs and dolphins.
North Button Island National Park, in the Andaman district, was established in 1979. The nearest town is Long Island, which is 16 kilometers (10 miles) away, and the nearest airport is Port Blair, which is 90 kilometers (56 miles) away.
The months of December through March are ideal for visiting the park. The island, which is part of the Button Islands, is 19.5 ha (48 acres) in size.
Saddle Peak National Park
Saddle Peak National Park is located in the Indian state of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It was founded in 1979. It is 32.54 square kilometres in size (32,540,000.00 m2). The climate is often oceanic in this area. The temperature is normally between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius (68 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit).
The rainy season lasts from June through October. Among the animals found here are the Andaman wild pig, Andaman hill myna, Andaman imperial pigeon, water monitor, dolphins, whales, and the Saltwater crocodile.
The Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
The Rani Jhansi Marine National Park is located in the Bay of Bengal's Andaman and the Nicobar Islands. It was established in 1996 and spans a total area of 256 sq. km. It is dedicated to Jhansi's Rani Lakshmibai.
It is around 30 kilometers from Port Blair and is part of Ritchie's Archipelago. Coral reefs and mangrove forests can be found there.
South Button Island National Park
South Button Island National Park is a protected island off the coast of India in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It has a total area of around 5 sq. km (2 sq mi).
It is part of the Rani Jhansi Marine National Park off the coast of South Andaman Island, which also includes the neighboring islands of North Button and Middle Button, both of which are also national parks. The smallest national park in India is South Button National Park in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
2. Andhra Pradesh (3)
Rajiv Gandhi National Park
Nagarahole is home to an incredible variety of wildlife, particularly Asiatic Elephants. The misty blue Brahmagiri Mountains in the distance, the natural sounds of the jungle, the bubbling of streams and rivers, and the Twitter of birds ensure that Nagarahole will stay with you long after your visit.
Papikonda National Park
Papikonda National Park is a 1,012.86 sq. km park in the Papi Hills of Andhra Pradesh's East and West Godavari districts, near Rajamahendravaram. It's an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area, and some of the plants and fauna there are threatened.
Sri Venkateswara National Park
Sri Venkateswara National Park is a national park in Andhra Pradesh, India, as well as a biosphere reserve. The park has a total area of 353 sq. km. The Talakona, Gundalakona, and Gunjana are only a few of the park's many waterfalls.
3. Arunachal Pradesh (2)
Mouling National Park
Mouling National Park is a national park in Arunachal Pradesh, India, that spans the Upper Siang district as well as portions of the West Siang and East Siang districts. It was the state's second national park, following Namdapha National Park, which was established in 1972.
Namdapha National Park
Namdapha National Park is a 1,985-square-kilometer protected area in Northeast India's Arunachal Pradesh. It is a biodiversity hotspot in the Eastern Himalayas, with about 1,000 floral and 1,400 faunal species. At 27°N latitude, the national park has the world's northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests.
4. Assam (5)
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a national park in Assam, India, located in the districts of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia. It was designated as a Biosphere Reserve in July 1997, with a total size of 765 sq. km (295 sq mi), including a core area of 340 sq. km (130 sq mi) and a buffer zone of 425 sq. km (164 sq mi).
Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is a protected region in Assam, India's northeastern state. Its woods, wetlands, and grasslands, which stretch over the Brahmaputra River's floodplains, are home to tigers, elephants, and the world's biggest population of Indian one-horned rhinoceroses.
Dolphins from the Ganges River swim in the park's waters. Many uncommon migratory species frequent the area, and grey pelicans roost near the Kaziranga hamlet.
Manas National Park
Manas National Park is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve, and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India. In the Himalayan foothills, it shares a border with Bhutan's Royal Manas National Park.
Nameri National Park
Nameri National Park is located in the Sonitpur District of Assam, India, some 35 kilometers from Tezpur, on the foothills of the eastern Himalayas. The nearest village, Chariduar, is around 9 kilometers away from Nameri. The Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh shares Nameri's northern border.
Orang National Park
Orang National Park is an Indian national park located in the Assam districts of Darrang and Sonitpur on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River. It has a total size of 79.28 sq. km (30.61 sq mi). In 1985, it was designated as a sanctuary, and on April 13, 1999, it was designated as a national park.
5. Bihar (1)
Valmiki National Park
Valmiki National Park is a Tiger Reserve located in Bihar's West Champaran District. It is Bihar's sole national park. The Valmiki Tiger Reserve spans 898.45 sq. km or 17.4 percent of the district's total land area. There were 40 tigers in the Reserve as of 2018.
6. Chhattisgarh (3)
Sanjay National Park
Sanjay National Park is located in the districts of Koriya, Chhattisgarh, and Sidhi, Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is a part of the Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve and covers 466.657 sq. km. It's in the ecoregion of dry deciduous woods in the Narmada Valley.
Indravati National Park
Indravati National Park is a national park in the Bijapur district of India's Chhattisgarh state. The adjacent Indravati River gives it its name. It is home to one of the few wild buffalo populations in the world.
Kanger Valley National Park
In 1982, the Indian government proclaimed Kanger Valley National Park as a national park. It is one of India's densest national parks, located near Jagdalpur in Chhattisgarh's Bastar region, and is known for its biodiversity, terrain, waterfalls, and subterranean geomorphologic limestone caves, as well as being home to the Bastar hill myna, Chhattisgarh's state bird.
7. Goa (1)
Mollem National Park (1992)
Mollem National Park is a 240-square-kilometer Western Ghats park in Goa's Sanguem taluk, near the Karnataka border. Several temples from the Kadamba Dynasty can also be found in the reserve.
The national park is 60 kilometers south of Panaji, Goa's capital city, near the town of Mollem. The Mormugao–Londa railway line also runs through the national park's dense woods.
8. Gujarat (4)
Vansda National Park
The extensive woodlands of the Dangs and southern Gujarat are represented by Vansda National Park, also known as Bansda National Park, in Gujarat state, India. It is found in the Navsari District's Vansda Tehsil.
Blackbuck National Park
Blackbuck National Park is an Indian national park located in Velavadar in the Bhavnagar District of Gujarat state. The park, which was established in 1976 in the Bhal region of Saurashtra, is about 42 kilometers from the district headquarters city of Bhavnagar.
Gir Forest National Park
Gir Forest National Park is a wildlife reserve in Gujarat, India. It was established to protect Asiatic lions, leopards, and antelopes who frequent the fenced-in Devalia Safari Park. The Gir Jungle Trail, which runs outside the walled area, travels through a deciduous forest and is home to vultures and pythons.
Marine National Park
On the southern shore of the Gulf of Kutch, in Gujarat's Devbhumi Dwarka district, is the Marine National Park in the Gulf of Kutch. In 1980, a 270-square-kilometer area stretching from Okha to Jodiya was designated as a Marine Sanctuary.
9. Haryana (2)
Kolesar National Park
The protected regions of Kalesar National Park and Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary are located in the Yamunanagar district of Haryana, India, 122 kilometers from Chandigarh. Nearby parks include Simbalbara National Park in Himachal Pradesh and Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand.
Sultanpur National Park
Sultanpur National Park is 15 kilometers from Gurugram, Haryana, and 50 kilometers from Delhi, India, and is located near Sultanpur hamlet on the Gurugram-Jhajjar route. This area is about 142.52 hectares in size.
10. Himachal Pradesh (5)
Great Himalayan National Park
One of India's national parks, the Great Himalayan National Park is located in the Kullu region of Himachal Pradesh. The park was formed in 1984 and covers an area of 1171 sq. km at elevations ranging from 1500 to 6000 meters.
Inderkilla National Park
Inderkilla National Park, established in 2010, is a national park in Himachal Pradesh, India. It is around 104 square kilometers in size. The Kullu Manali Airport is 46.1 kilometers from the national park, which is located in the Kullu district. It was founded in the year 2010 AD.
Khirganga National Park
Khirganga National Park, established in 2010, is a national park in Himachal Pradesh, India. Khirganga National Park is one of the most beautiful national parks in the country, and it is located in Kullu.
Pin Valley National Park
Pin Valley National Park is an Indian national park in Himachal Pradesh's Lahaul and Spiti district, in the Spiti Valley. It is located in India's far north. A section of it is the Cold Desert (biosphere reserve).
Simbalbara National Park
Simbalbara National Park is an Indian national park in the Paonta Valley in Sirmour District, Himachal Pradesh, near the Haryana border. Col. Sher Jung National Park is another name for it. Dense Sal woods with grassy glades make up the vegetation.
11. Jammu and Kashmir (3)
Salim Ali National Park
Salim Ali National Park, also known as City Forest National Park, was a national park in Srinagar, India. It spanned 9.07 square kilometers. The park was named after Indian naturalist Salim Ali and was established in 1986.
Farooq Abdullah, the then-Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, transformed the park into the Royal Springs Golf Course in Srinagar between 1998 and 2001.
Dachigam National Park
Dachigam National Park, in Jammu & Kashmir, is 22 kilometers from Srinagar. It has a total area of 141 sq. km. The park's name literally translates to "10 villages," maybe in honor of the ten communities that were displaced for its creation.
Kishtwar National Park
Kishtwar National Park is a national park in Jammu and Kashmir, India, located in the Kishtwar district. It is bordered on the north by the Rinnay river, on the south by the Kibar Nala watershed, on the east by the Great Himalayan main divide, and on the west by the Marwa river.
12. Jharkhand (1)
Betla National Park
Betla National Park is located on the Chota Nagpur Plateau in the Latehar and Palamu districts of Jharkhand, India. A wide variety of species can be found in the park.
The park's forests are home to a diverse range of vegetation, including sal and bamboo as well as a number of medicinal plants. The grasslands are created by the North Koel River and its tributaries, which flow through the park's northern section.
13. Karnataka (5)
Anshi National Park
Kali Tiger Reserve is a tiger reserve and a protected area. It is situated in Karnataka's Uttara Kannada district. Bengal tigers, black panthers, and Indian elephants, among other animals, call the park home.
Bandipur National Park
The limited population of tigers in Bandipur National Park, an 874-square-kilometer forested reserve in the southern Indian state of Karnataka, is well-known.
The park is home to Indian elephants, spotted deer, gaurs (bison), antelopes, and a variety of other local animals, and was once the exclusive hunting area of the Maharajas of Mysore.
Bannerghatta National Park
Bannerghatta National Park is a national park in Karnataka, India, close to Bangalore. In 1970, it was established as a national park, and in 1974, it was designated as such. The Bannerghatta Biological Park, a small section of the park, became a zoological garden in 2002.
Kudremukha National Park
Kudremukha is a mountain range and the name of a peak in Karnataka's Chikkamagaluru district. It is also the name of a tiny hill station and mining town about 20 kilometers from Kalasa, located near the mountain.
Rajiv Gandhi National Park
Rajiv Gandhi National Park is a wildlife reserve in Karnataka, India. It is also known as Nagarhole National Park. The park is encircled by the Brahamagiri Mountains and highly forested with sandalwood and teak trees. It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
The Kabini River meanders through lush jungles, home to tigers, Asian elephants, and a wide range of birds. The Irupu Falls, located nearby, tumbledown tree-lined cliffs.
14. Kerala (6)
Anamudi Shola National Park
Anamudi Shola National Park is a protected area in Kerala, India, in the Western Ghats district of Idukki. It is made up of three sholas: Mannavan, Idivara, and Pullardi, with a total size of about 7.5 sq. km. On November 21, 2003, a draught notification for this new park was released.
The park, along with the surrounding Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Pampadum Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, and Kurinjimala Sanctuary, is managed by Munnar Wildlife Division.
Eravikulam National Park
Eravikulam National Park is a 97-square-kilometer national park in Kerala, India, located in the Western Ghats in the Idukki and Ernakulam districts. It is Kerala's first national park, located between 10º05'N and 10º20' north, and 77º0' and 77º10' east.
Mathikettan Shola National Park
Mathikettan Shola National Park is a 12.82-square-kilometer national park in Kerala's Idukki district, located near Poopara village of Udumbanchola taluk. On November 21, 2003, it notified the region's national park.
The state government proclaimed the shola forest in Mathikettan a national park in 2008, recognizing its unique ecology and importance as an elephant corridor. The central government has declared an eco-sensitive zone ranging from zero to one kilometer around the boundary.
The park is situated between Eravikulam National Park and Pampadum Shola National Park, which are both reserve forests.
Pampadum Shola National Park
Pampadum Shola National Park is India's tiniest national park, located in Kerala's Idukki district. It has a border with the Tamil Nadu district of Dindigul.
The park, along with the surrounding Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, and Kurinjimala Sanctuary, is managed by the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife, Munnar Wildlife Division.
Periyar National Park
Periyar National Park, commonly known as Periyar Tiger Reserve, is located in Kerala's rugged Western Ghats.
Tigers and elephants, as well as rare lion-tailed macaques, sambar deer, leopards, and Indian bison, call this wildlife reserve home. Periyar Lake, in the park's north, is a popular spot for boat cruises. Spice plantations surround Kumily, which is located further north.
Silent Valley National Park
In Kerala, India, there is a national park called Silent Valley National Park. It is located in the Nilgiri hills and has an 89.52 sq. km core area surrounded by a 148 sq. km buffer zone.
There are some uncommon kinds of flora and fauna in this national park. Robert Wright, a botanist, first visited this area in 1847.
15. Madhya Pradesh (9)
Bandhavgarh National Park
Bandhavgarh National Park is located in Madhya Pradesh, a state in central India. The central Tala zone of this biodiverse park is famed for its huge population of royal Bengal tigers. White tigers, leopards, and deer are among the other animals.
Hundreds of bird species, including eagles, live in the combination of tropical forest, Sal trees, and grassland. The ruins of the ancient Bandhavgarh Fort can be found to the south.
Fossils National Park
The Mandla Plant Fossils National Park is located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. This national park, which spans seven villages in the Dindori District, has fossilized plants that lived in India between 40 million and 150 million years ago.
Pench National Park
Pench National Park was established in 1975 and spans a total area of 257.26 sq. km in India's Madhya Pradesh state (99.33 sq mi).
The park is named after the Pench River, which passes through it from north to south, dividing it into approximately equal western and eastern halves, which are respectively the well-forested areas of Seoni and Chhindwara districts.
It was designated as a sanctuary in 1965, elevated to national park status in 1975, and designated as a tiger reserve in 1992.
Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park, popularly known as Kanha Tiger Reserve, is a large expanse of grassland and woodland in Madhya Pradesh, India. Tigers, jackals, and wild pigs live in Kanha Meadows. The steep plateau of Bamni Dadar is home to a variety of raptors.
The watering holes of the Sondar Tank and Babathenga Tank attract a large number of animals. The Kanha Museum in the park documents the park's flora and fauna.
Madhav National Park
Madhav National Park is located in northwest Madhya Pradesh, India, in the Shivpuri district of the Gwalior division. The historic National Highway 3 from Agra to Bombay and the current National Highway 27 from Jhansi to Shivpuri both travel through the park.
Panna National Park
Panna National Park is a national park in Madhya Pradesh, India, that is located in the Panna and Chhatarpur districts. It covers 542.67 square kilometers (209.53 sq mi). In 1994, it was designated as India's twenty-second Tiger Reserve and the fifth in Madhya Pradesh.
Panna received the Award of Excellence from the Indian Ministry of Tourism in 2007 for being India's best-maintained national park. It's worth noting that by 2009, poaching had wiped out the whole tiger population with the help of forest department employees.
Sanjay National Park
Sanjay National Park is located in the districts of Koriya, Chhattisgarh, and Sidhi, Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is a part of the Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve and covers 466.657 km. It's in the ecoregion of dry deciduous woods in the Narmada Valley.
Satpura National Park
Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR), previously known as Satpura National Park, is located in Madhya Pradesh, India, in the Hoshangabad District (now renamed Narmadapuram). Its name comes from the Satpura mountain range.
It has a total size of 524 sq. km (202 sq mi). Satpura National Park, together with the nearby animal sanctuaries of Bori and Pachmarhi, covers 2,200 square kilometers (850 square miles) of the unique central Indian highland environment. It was founded in 1981.
Van Vihar National Park
Van Vihar National Park is located near Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh's capital city in central India. It was designated as a national park in 1979 and encompasses around 4.45 sq. km. It is designated as a national park, but it is built and operated as a modern zoological park in accordance with the Central Zoo Authority's requirements.
Animals are kept in close proximity to their native environments. The majority of the animals are orphaned and brought from all around the state, or they are traded from other zoos. No animal is intentionally taken from the forest.
16. Maharashtra (6)
Chandoli National Park
Chandoli National Park was established in May 2004 and spans the districts of Satara, Kolhapur, and Sangli in Maharashtra, India. It was previously designated as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1985. The southern section of the Sahyadri Tiger Reserve is known as Chandoli Park, while the northern part is known as Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary.
The park contains historical sites such as the Maratha Empire's Prachitgad and Bhairavgad forts from the 17th century. During Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's reign, the majority of the protected territory was used as an open jail for "prisoners of war" from the early wars.
Gugamal National Park
Gugamal National Park has 1673.93 square kilometers in size. This park is located in the Chikhaldara and Dharni Tehsils of Amravati District, Maharashtra, India, and was built on February 22, 1974. Melghat Tiger Reserve includes it. Flora Melghat's forest is a typical southern dry deciduous forest, with harsh and hilly terrain.
Nawegoan National Park
The Arjuni Morgaon subdivision of the Gondia district in Maharashtra, India, is home to the Navegaon National Park. About 60% of Maharashtra's bird species can be found at the Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary in Navegaon. Thousands of migratory birds travel to the lake every winter.
Pench National Park
The southern tropical dry deciduous forest covers the park. It's part of the Project Tiger special reserve network. These woodlands continue to draw a great number of wildlife enthusiasts, including birdwatchers, photographers, and vacationers. A water power plant in Pench is supplying electricity to the surrounding area.
Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park is an 87-square-kilometer protected area located near Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It was founded in 1996 and is headquartered in Borivali. Sanjay Gandhi National Park receives over 2 million people each year due to its diverse flora and fauna.
Tadoba National Park
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary in the Maharashtra state of India's Chandrapur district. It is the oldest and largest national park in Maharashtra. The Tadoba National Park and the Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary are part of the reserve, which was established in 1955.
17. Manipur (1)
Keibul Lamjao National Park
The Keibul Lamjao National Park is a national park in India's state of Manipur, located in the Bishnupur district. It is the world's only floating park, covering 40 sq. km (15.4 sq mi), and is located in North East India as part of Loktak Lake.
Phum, or floating decayed plant detritus, is a feature of the national park. It was established in 1966 as a nature refuge to protect the endangered Eld's deer's natural habitat.
18. Meghalaya (2)
Balpakram National Park
Balpakram is located in the South Garo Hills district in Meghalaya, India. Balpakram is well-known for its forested canyon-cum-gorge, which is now protected as a National Park.
The Balpakram plateau and surrounding woodlands are also part of the park. The area lies in the southern part of Meghalaya. Garos, the local tribe inhabiting the region, believes this hill to be the sort of resting place for departed souls. This belief is due to many strange yet natural formations, physical and biological, found in the area.
The place is also known for rare flora and fauna species and marine fossils. Balpakram is a hotspot of biodiversity in Meghalaya.
Nokrek National Park
The core section of the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve is Nokrek National Park, which is located around 2 kilometers from Tura Peak in the West Garo Hills district of Meghalaya, India. The Nokrek Biosphere Reserve was included in UNESCO's list of Biosphere Reserves in May 2009.
19. Mioram (2)
Murlen National Park
Murlen National Park is a national park in the Champhai district of Mizoram, India. The park has an area of 200 sq. km. The park is located around 245 kilometers east of Aizawl, near the Chin Hills. It is located in the same district as Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary.
Phawngpui National Park
Phawngpui National Park, also known as Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park, is one of two Indian national parks in Mizoram, the other being Murlen National Park, which is larger. It is roughly 300 kilometers from Aizawl, the state capital, and is located in the Lawngtlai district, in Mizoram's southeast corner, near Burma.
20. Nagaland (1)
Ntangki National Park
Ntangki National Park is a national park in Nagaland, India, located in the Peren district. The park's wildlife includes the uncommon hoolock gibbon, golden langur, hornbill, Asian palm civet, black stork, tiger, white-breasted kingfisher, monitor lizard, python, and sloth bear.
21. Odisha (2)
Bhitarkanika National Park
Bhitarkanika National Park, in Odisha's northeast Kendrapara district, is a 145-square-kilometer national park in eastern India On September 16, 1998, it was designated as a Ramsar site, and on August 19, 2002, it was granted that status.
The area has also been designated as the state's second Ramsar site, following Chilika Lake.
Similipal National Park
Similipal National Park and Tiger Reserve is a 2,750-square-kilometer national park and tiger reserve in Odisha's Mayurbhanj district (1,060 sq mi).
It is part of the Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve, which also contains the Similipal Tiger Reserve, Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary (73.77 sq mi), and Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary (272.75 sq. km) (105.31 sq mi).
The name Simlipal National Park comes from the quantity of red silk cotton trees that thrive in the area. Bengal Tigers, Asian Elephants, Gaur, and Chausingha all live in the park.
22. Rajasthan (5)
Mukundara Hills National Park
Mukundara Hills National Park is a national park in Rajasthan, India, that covers 759.99 square kilometers. Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary, National Chambal Sanctuary, and Jawahar Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary were all established in 2004. It is found in the dry deciduous forests of Khathiar-Gir.
Desert National Park
Desert National Park is located near the towns of Jaisalmer and Barmer in the Indian state of Rajasthan. With a total area of 3162 sq. km, this is one of the largest national parks in the country. The Desert National Park is a great example of the Thar Desert's environment.
Keoladeo National Park
In the north Indian state of Rajasthan, Keoladeo National Park is a large bird sanctuary and former royal game reserve.
Over 350 species of migratory and resident birds, including herons, cormorants, and eagles, are protected by the park's woods and man-made wetlands, which are located south of the old city of Bharatpur.
Fatehpur Sikri, to the southeast, with sandstone temples and a mosque erected by Emperor Akbar in the 16th century.
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore National Park is a major wildlife reserve located near Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan, India. It was originally a royal hunting ground and is now home to tigers, leopards, and marsh crocodiles.
The city's highlights include the 10th-century Ranthambore Fort, which is set on a hilltop, and the Ganesh Mandir temple. Padam Talao Lake, located within the park, is known for its large number of water lilies.
Sariska National Park
The Sariska Tiger Reserve is a tiger reserve in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It's in the Alwar neighborhood. It covers 881 square kilometers and is made up of scrub-thorn desert woods, dry deciduous forests, meadows, and rocky hills.
This region was once a hunting preserve for the state of Alwar until being designated as a wildlife sanctuary in 1958.
23. Sikkim (1)
Khangchendzonga National Park
Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve, also known as Khangchendzonga National Park, is a national park and a biosphere reserve in Sikkim, India. In July 2016, it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as India's first "Mixed Heritage" site. The UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme includes it.
24. Tamil Nadu (5)
Guindy National Park
Guindy National Park is a 2.70 sq. km (1.04 sq mi) protected area in Tamil Nadu, India, located near Chennai. It is the country's eighth-smallest national park and one of the few national parks located within a metropolis.
The park surrounds Raj Bhavan, originally known as the 'Guindy Lodge,' the official residence of the Governor of Tamil Nadu, India.
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
The Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is an Indian protected area in the Indian Ocean that consists of 21 tiny islands and nearby coral reefs. Between Thoothukudi and Dhanushkodi, it is 1 to 10 kilometers from the east coast of Tamil Nadu, India.
Indira Gandhi National Park
The Annamalai Tiger Reserve, formerly known as the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and Aanaimalai Wildlife Sanctuary, is a protected area in Tamil Nadu, India, located in the Anaimalai Hills of Coimbatore's Pollachi and Valparai taluks, and Tiruppur's Udumalaipettai taluk.
Mudumalai National Park
Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, a tiger reserve, is located on the northwestern edge of the Nilgiri Hills in Nilgiri District, about 150 kilometers (93 miles) north-west of Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
It is bordered by the Indian states of Karnataka and Kerala. Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi, and Nellakotta are the five ranges that make up the sanctuary. The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve includes it.
Along with Nagarhole National Park, Bandipur National Park, and Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, it is one of India's major tiger reserves.
Mukurthi National Park
Mukurthi National Park is a 78.46 sq. km protected area in the Western Ghats mountain range of South India, located in the western part of the Nilgiris Plateau west of Ootacamund hill station in the northwest region of Tamil Nadu state.
The park was established to safeguard the Nilgiri tahr, one of the area's most important animals.
25. Jammu and Kashmir (1)
Hemis National Park
Hemis National Park, located in Ladakh, India, is a high-altitude national park. It is known around the world for having the largest number of snow leopards of any protected region on the planet.
It is India's sole national park north of the Himalayas, as well as the country's largest registered protected area (national park) and second-largest contiguous protected area, behind the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and adjacent protected areas.
26. Telangana (3)
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park is a national park in Hyderabad, Telangana, India, located in the Jubilee Hills and Banjara Hills. The park is approximately 390-acres in size (1.6 sq. km).
The complete palace complex covers 400 acres and was handed to Prince Mukarram Jah by his father, Prince Azam Jah, upon his coronation in 1967. The state government of Andhra Pradesh designated it as a national park.
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
Vanasthalipuram, Saheb Nagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India is home to Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park, a deer national park. It covers a total area of 13,758 acres. It is the city of Hyderabad's largest green lung space.
Mrugavani National Park
Mrugavani National Park is a national park in Telangana, India. It is located in Chilkur, Moinabad Mandal, 20 kilometers from MGBS, and spans 3.6 square kilometers (1211 acres). It is home to about 600 distinct plant species. Around 350 spotted deer live in the park.
27. Tripura (2)
Sipahijola National Park
The Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura, India, is home to the Clouded Leopard National Park. It has a total size of 5.08 square kilometers and is home to four primate monkey species, including the Phayre's langur. The National Park is 28 kilometers from Agartala, the state capital.
Bison National Park
Because of its beautiful surroundings, the park is well-known throughout the country. It's one of several sites in India where you may see Mother Nature at her most beautiful.
Various wild animals, such as the world-famous Indian Gaur (also known as bison), deer, Golden langurs, Pheasants, and other charming species, can be expected to be encountered. To conserve endangered bison, the Sanctuary established a bison reserve.
28. Uttar Pradesh (1)
Dudhwa National Park
The Dudhwa National Park is located in northern Uttar Pradesh, India, in the Terai area of marshy grasslands. It covers 490.3 sq. km and is surrounded by a 190 sq. km buffer zone. It is located in the Kheri and Lakhimpur districts and is part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
29. Uttarakhand (6)
Corbett National Park
In northern India's Uttarakhand State, Jim Corbett National Park is a forested wildlife sanctuary. It is noted for its Bengal tigers and is rich in flora and fauna.
The Dhikala zone is home to a variety of animals, including tigers, leopards, and wild elephants. The Sonanadi zone, located on the banks of the Ramganga Reservoir, is home to elephants, leopards, and hundreds of bird species.
Gangotri National Park
Gangotri National Park is a national park in Uttarakhand, India, that spans 2,390 square kilometers. Coniferous forests, alpine meadows, and glaciers make up its habitat. The park includes Gaumukh in Gangotri Glacier, the source of the Ganga River.
Govind Pashu Vihar National Park
Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is a national park and wildlife sanctuary in Uttarakhand, India, that was first established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1955 and then upgraded to a national park.
Nanda Devi National Park
In Uttarakhand, India, the Nanda Devi National Park, and Valley of Flowers National Parks are both UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Nanda Devi National Park and the Valley of Flowers National Park, as well as an enclosing Combined Buffer Zone, make up the two primary areas, which are around 20 kilometers apart.
Rajaji National Park
The Shivaliks, near the Himalayan foothills, is home to Rajaji National Park, an Indian national park and tiger reserve. It covers an area of 820 sq. km and is divided between three Uttarakhand districts: Haridwar, Dehradun, and Pauri Garhwal.
Valley of Flowers National Park
Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park in Uttarakhand's North Chamoli and Pithoragarh districts, famed for its endemic alpine flower meadows and diverse flora.
30. West Bengal (6)
Buxa National Park
Buxa Tiger Reserve was established in 1983 as India's 15th tiger reserve. Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary, which covers 314.52 sq. km of reserve woods, was established in 1986. The West Bengal government announced its desire to create a national park across 117.10 sq. km of the Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary a year later, in 1992.
Gorumara National Park
Gorumara National Park is located in India's northern state of West Bengal. It is a medium-sized park with grasslands and woodlands located in the Dooars region of the Himalayan foothills. It is best known for its Indian rhinoceros population.
Jaldapara National Park
Jaldapara National Park is located in the Alipurduar District in northern West Bengal, in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas, on the banks of the Torsa River. Jaldapara is located at an elevation of 61 meters and covers 216.51 square kilometers of open grassland with areas of riverine woods.
Neora Valley National Park
The Neora Valley National Park was formed in 1986 in the Kalimpong district of West Bengal, India. It covers an area of 88 sq. km and is a biologically diverse zone in eastern India.
Singalila National Park
Singalila National Park is an Indian national park in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal, located on the Singalila Ridge at an elevation of more than 7000 feet above sea level. It is well-known for the trekking path that travels through it to Sandakphu.
Sundarbans National Park
The Sundarbans National Park is a huge coastal mangrove forest that is on the border between India and Bangladesh. The Royal Bengal tiger, as well as other endangered animals like the estuarine crocodile and Ganges River dolphin, call this area home.
Boats cruise south down the river from Khulna to Kotka, a peaceful mangrove beach. A watchtower here provides views of the forest, as well as its birds and animals.
So this is the list of National parks in India. Though it is a place for flora and fauna, It is the best place for us to get our minds free from stress. It is a wonderful place for vacation.
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