The Mango, scientific name as Mangiferaindica, is considered to be the king of all fruits. It is one of the most vital ancient fruits for humankind. In history, it is found that mangoes have always been praised in India and it is the most favourite fruit in the nation.
Mango is one of the fruits that finds its mention prominently in the old Sanskrit scriptures and literature. Pilgrims from China who travelled to India in the seventh century A.D have also spoken about the significance of this fruit.
During the Mughal rule in India, mangoes were honoured with real patronage. It is said that Lakh Bagh has one lakh mango tree planted in Bihar, Darbhanga, by the Mughal emperor Akbar. The Shalimar Garden of Lahore and Mughal Gardens located near Chandigarh, Pinjore are some of the mango orchards planted in that same period.
These gardens are still preserved, and they prove the high esteem of this royal fruit from the past.
Here we are going to discuss the different Indian mango varieties, which will make you droll at once.
While mangoes are cultivated in various parts of the world, you would wish to have a chance to try them all. Let’s begin with our Indian mango varieties list.
The Alphonso mango, popularly known in Western India as ‘Hapus’, is often given the title of ‘The King of Mangoes’. Alphonso mangoes are available for a short time during the summer.
It is the most expensive variety of mangoes in India. Alphonso mangoes grow primarily in the states of Goa and Maharashtra along the western coast of India, and only with very particular soil and weather requirements.
Dasheri originated in Dasheri village near Kakori in Lucknow district in 18th century, is a sweet and fragrant variety of mango grown in different parts of North India and the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, Nepal, and Pakistan. Malihabad in Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of the Dasheri mango.
Langra is a Hindi word which means 'lame' in English. Langra aam is believed to have originated in Banaras (now Varanasi). It is available from May to August and is greenish in colour. This pulpy fruit is cultivated in states including UP, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, MP, Orissa, and West Bengal.
Pairi is one of the varieties of mangoes to hit the market early in the season. Known to be fibrous and juicy, it is one of the most popular choices for the popular aam ras in the western states of India. Its season is from May to June.
Badami is one of a number of delicious mangoes grown in India. It is slightly earlier than the sort-after Alphonse mango due to its more southerly production but is attractive as a fresh variety.
The fruit has pale yellow, thin skin through which it is easy to detect the softness of the flesh. It grows mostly in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
The Chausa or Chaunsa mango of Pakistan is certainly in the worlds’ top ten varieties available. It is an exceptionally sweet mango with a wonderful fragrance and deliciously soft, succulent flesh with only the minimum of fibre.
Its origin is Multan districts of Punjab in Pakistan. Late June to early September is the harvest and availability time of this mango.
Malda is the name of the town as well as the district in West Bengal. The city of Malda is also called as English Bazar. It is a well-developed centre located at the meeting of two rivers Mahananda and Kalindi rivers. The region is known for the Malda Mangoes which are exported across the world.
The Himasagar mango, a thin-skinned mango, is characterized by the complete absence of fibre, a golden hue, pleasant aroma and unparallel sweetness. It is produced in West Bengal and, in most years, is commercialized in June only. The Himsagar cultivar, despite its potential, is a local fruit, difficult to find outside West Bengal.
Neelam Mangoes are known for their beautiful shape, taste and divine floral aroma. This Indian mango variety is a popular choice and is renowned for its availability. The Neelam is highly relished by mango fans across the globe. However, it is primarily grown in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
The 'Mallika' mango is the result of the hybridization of the Indian mango varieties Neelum and Dasheri. The variety was introduced by Dr Ramnath Singh. When grafted, the tree will remain a manageable size and is appropriate for dooryard growing. The fruit is normally ready to harvest from June to July.
11. Kishen Bhog
Kishan Bhog is another popular Indian variety of mango from West Bengal, Bihar and very rich in flavour and taste.
Excellent in flavour with a juicy texture, this Indian variety of mango is the pride of South Karnataka. Rich in Vitamin A. The best month to buy these mangoes is May. It is grown around Bengaluru, Ramanagara, Kolar, and Tumakuru. As the name suggests, it is great to make juices, milkshakes and sauces.
Malgova or mulgoa is a classic Indian mango variety in South India with a rich traditional and historical references. It is predominantly grown in and around Salem, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri, Palakkodu, southern parts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It is generally big, round-shaped fruit with flattened top and curvy bottom.
Do you like the exotic fragrance and colour of saffron? This luxury spice has mesmerised people all over the world with the unique flavour it imparts to any dish. The bright orange pulp and the exquisite taste, as well as aroma, make Gir Kesar one of the most popular Indian mango varieties in the world.
Grown in the foothills of Girnar in Gujarat, this unique fruit can be enjoyed as it is or for making juice, nectar, jams, squash, and other treats.
The mango is a hit since it was introduced in 1971. The hybrid of Neelum and Dasheri was presented at the Indian Agriculture Research Institute in Delhi. Dr Pijush Kanti Majumder was the one who is behind the famous Indian variety of mango. It is available in various farms and orchards around India.
This variety of Indian mango is one of the delicacies of Maharashtra. The mango colour is red and tastes delicious. One mainly uses this type of mangoes for making pickles, fresh juice, as well as desserts. The Lalbagh mango is a particular type of mango, cultivated in Maharashtra, high in demand and supplied all over India.
Mild in taste and greenish in colour, this variety of mango looks like a parrot's beak. Hails from Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, the flesh of this variety is not sweet like other varieties but is great for salads and pickles.
Rajapuri mangoes are one of the largest varieties of mangoes in India. These mangoes are green in colour and massive in size. This mango species is best used for sweets and pickles. The state it is found in is particularly Gujarat.
As the name suggests, these types of mangoes are cultivated in Bombay. The mangoes are green in colour and very juicy, as well as delicious. These mangoes are in demand for its moist texture and fantastic taste.
20. Imam Pasand
The Imam Pasand has a fibreless, buttery, soft pulp inside its thick peel, which makes every bite a juicy treat. But the fruit is elusive (difficult to find) as you can only find it in the market for two months of the year, May and June. It's grown in a few places in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu.
It is a very juicy and fragrant Indian mango variety. It has a reddish-green coloured skin. Gulabkhas is named so because of its rosy reddish appearance.
Found in West Bengal, The 'Lakshmanbhog' mango is grown in orchards spanning over 32,000 hectares in the Maldah district of West Bengal. The Government of West Bengal had chosen Lakshmanbhog as the variety to be exported to the United States. This Indian variety of mango is raw cooked.
This Indian variety of mango is also known as ‘Sundari’. Suvarnarekha mangoes are very attractive. The juicy, ripe mango fruit has a rich, tropical aroma and flavour.
One of the purest delicacies of Kthe Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh is this type of mango. It is also called Benishan in some areas of Andhra Pradesh. Banganapalli is tasty, and one of the favourite fruits of the locals is thriving there. It is a mid-season variety and rich in vitamin A and C.
This comes under the mango variety of Banganapalli. These mangoes are tasty and appealing to the consumers due to their variant texture and amazing mango quality.
26. Konkan Raja
Konkan Raja is one of the most beautiful different types of mangoes in India. These are cultivated in the districts of Tamil Nadu. Mango pulps, pickle, and many other dishes can be done using this variety of Indian mangoes.
27. Palmer Mango
These mangoes are cultivated in Maharashtra and are quite famous in that particular region. These are red and have a beautiful aroma. Some of the varieties of mangoes might have the colour and fragrance, but not have the perfect taste.
28. Kiett Mango
Keitt mangoes are oblong in shape with a pale to dark green skin, though they occasionally have a yellow blush. The colour can be misleading, and the only real way to determine whether these large mangoes are ripe is by touch.
Keitt mangoes have a tangy-sweet flavour with a hint of honey. This variety of mangoes are available for a short time during the late summer and early fall.
29. Najuk Mango
You must have heard of the famous mango festivals at Delhi Haat, right? This delicacy is a part of that festival. By the Mango festival, junk mango is one of the most appreciated mangoes that one considers during the festival.
These mangoes are delicious, as well as looks fantastic. These are red mangoes, which are huge, and taste as pleasant as the sweet mango.
30. Philihara Mango
These mangoes are cultivated in Malihabad district of Lucknow. The juicy flavour and colour make it popular among people.
This brings us to the end of the list of Indian mango varieties. All of them are useful, antique, and accessible. It has been at par with excellence for millions of years now.
It is also the national fruit of India, and it has got its royal status because of its utility and beauty. Mangoes are righteously known as the “King” of fruits!
By now, you must be wanting to eat some now!
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