Calcium is a nutrient that all living things, including humans, require. It is the body's most abundant mineral and is essential for bone health. Humans require calcium to build and maintain strong bones, and 99 percent of the calcium in the body is found in the bones and teeth.
It's also required to keep the brain and other body parts in good working order. It aids muscle movement as well as cardiovascular health. Calcium is found in many foods naturally, and some food manufacturers add it to their products.
There are also supplements available. Vitamin D, which helps the body absorb calcium, is required in addition to calcium. Vitamin D can be found in fish oil, fortified dairy products, and sun exposure.
This article looks at why the body needs calcium, what foods are high in calcium, what happens if the body is deficient, and the advantages and disadvantages of supplementation.
Calcium has a variety of functions in the human body. The following are a few of them:
Almost all of the calcium in the human body is found in the bones and teeth. Bone formation, growth, and maintenance all require calcium.
Contraction of the muscles
Calcium helps to keep muscle contractions under control. When a nerve stimulates a muscle, calcium is released by the body. Calcium helps muscle contraction by assisting muscle proteins. The calcium is pumped out of the muscle, which causes it to relax.
System of the heart and blood vessels
Calcium is essential for blood clotting. Clotting is a multi-step process that requires a lot of patience. A variety of chemicals, including calcium, are involved. Calcium plays several roles in muscle function. The heart muscle's action is maintained by a reliable source. The smooth muscle that surrounds blood vessels relaxes when calcium is present. Several studies have found a link between high calcium consumption and lower blood pressure.
Many enzymes require calcium as a cofactor. Some important enzymes cannot function properly without calcium.
In studies, calcium deficiency has been linked to the following outcomes:
- a lower risk of developing high blood pressure conditions during pregnancy
- in young people, lower blood pressure
- Those whose mothers consumed enough calcium during pregnancy had lower blood pressure.
- lower cholesterol levels
- a reduced risk of colorectal adenomas, which are a type of non-cancerous tumor.
Foods High in Calcium
1. American cheese
2. Bok choy (Chinese cabbage)
5. Cheddar cheese
6. Cottage cheese
7. Dried figs
8. Frozen yogurt
9. Fruit juice
13. Mozzarella cheese
15. Parmesan cheese
16. Ricotta cheese
22. Swiss cheese
25. Yogurt, low-fat or fat-free (plain)